Depression is a disorder that is characterized by sadness, loss of interest, and feelings of hopelessness. There are many different types of depression and each presents with different symptoms, and each individual experiences their depression differently. When someone has a depression disorder, it will affect their everyday life, their relationships, and work or school performance.
Symptoms of Depression
- Lack of energy
- Inability to concentrate
- Feelings of guilt, helplessness, anxiety, or emptiness
- Insomnia or excessive sleeping
- Changes in appetite
- Weight loss or gain
- Lack of interest and pleasure in activities they used to enjoy
- Feelings of worthlessness
- Thoughts of death or suicide
Common Types of Depression
Depression comes in many forms. Some types are caused by biological factors while others are a result of a traumatic event. These are some of the most common types of depression.
Major Depression DisorderMajor Depression Disorder, or MDD, is characterized by a depressed mood, lack of interest, changes in weight, fatigue, changes in sleep, and feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
Seasonal Affective DisorderSeasonal Affective Disorder also known as Major Depression Disorder with Seasonal Pattern, is caused by the loss of daylight that occurs in the winter. Individuals with SAD will often experience the same symptoms as Major Depression Disorder, but only during the winter months.
Persistent Depressive DisorderPersistent Depressive Disorder, also known as dysthymia, causes symptoms such as anger and irritability, feelings of guilt, sadness, loss of interest, fatigue, and others similar to that of Major Depression Disorder. This type of depression lasts for at least two years. The individual may experience happier days or even weeks, but never for more than two consecutive months. The symptoms may be mild, moderate, or severe.
Bipolar DisorderBipolar Disorder is characterized by periods of elevated moods known as mania followed by major episodes of depression. These are not just average feelings of happiness or sadness that everybody experiences. They are extreme and can sometimes require hospitalization.
Psychotic DepressionPsychotic Depression is characterized by delusions and sometimes even hallucinations. People suffering from psychosis typically experience false beliefs and a detachment from reality.
Postpartum DepressionPostpartum Depression is unique to women. It occurs after a mother has given birth and is usually caused by readjusting hormone levels. Although it’s a result of giving birth, Postpartum Depression can last for months or even years in some cases.
Premenstrual Dysphoric DisorderPremenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is characterized by many of the same symptoms as PMS, but more mood-related. Individuals will experience fatigue, irritability, food cravings, feelings of hopelessness, anxiety, and more.
Atypical DepressionAtypical Depression occurs when someone experiences signs of depression, but their mood can lift with a positive event or situation. An individual with Atypical Depression will suffer from symptoms such as excessive eating, weight gain, sensitivity to rejection, strongly reactive moods, fatigue, and excessive sleeping.
Find Relief With the Functional Medicine Centers
If you are suffering from depression and have a hard time finding relief from prescription medication and other traditional treatments, try the Functional Medicine Centers. Contact us today for a consultation.
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